- Inspect ALL piping, toilets and faucets for leaks.
- Learn how to read your meter to monitor your water use. Tip! Shut off water using equipment and monitor meter after 5 minutes, if dial or digits are still moving, you may have a leak! According to the NWC, approximately 10% of water used at home is wasted because of leaks. A leak of one drop per second, wastes 2,400 gallons per year!
- Know where your master water shut-off valve is located. With large properties, have your plumber install lock-off valves at various sections.
- Replace inefficient fixtures with water saving fixtures that are either Water Sense Labelled or use 20-25% less water than standard units. According to the NWC, water consumption at home can be reduced by as much as 30% by using proper water saving devices and good conservation practices.
- Install Sediment filters, which are essential in reducing the wear and tear on the valves and seals of your plumbing equipment and avoids costly leaks and repairs.
- Install a water softener or lime scale inhibitor, which will prevent calcium and magnesium build-up in your plumbing system reducing leaks and maintenance costs while giving your fixtures a longer life.
About 70-80% of water used in the average household is from the bathroom.
- Look out for efficiency rated and labelled water fixtures as guided by the flow rates (GPM or GPF) stated below e.g., Energy Star and Water Sense labels.
– Showerheads should use less than 2.00 Gallons per Minute (GPM)
– Toilets should use less than or equal to 1.28 Gallons per Flush (GPF)
– Faucets should shut-off instantly when not engaged or install aerators using less than 1.5 GPM
- Check all toilets for leaks. To do this, use a colour dye in your toilet tank. If the colour is visible in the bowl, you have a leak and should make the necessary repairs.
- Install water efficient faucets or aerators, which use less than 1.5 GPM.
- Replace old dishwashers with an Energy Star appliance and save, on average, 3,870 gallons of water over its lifetime.
- Replace old washers with an Energy Star appliance that uses between 18 and 25 gallons per load. Older washers use up to 40 gallons per load.
- Reroute greywater from the washing machine to water the garden by installing the necessary plumbing fixtures.
- Install gutters on roof and storage tanks (or construct a cistern) to capture rainwater runoff. Water storage should have the capacity for 3 – 5 days of water supply or at least 700 gallons or 3,150 litres. Connect your rooftop rainwater harvesting system to the plumbing for toilets and washing machine (dual reticulation).
- Install drip technology to irrigate the garden.
- When using a garden hose to water the lawn be sure to add a hose nozzle to reduce the flow and shut off when not needed or use auto shut-off nozzles.
- For outdoor pools, be sure to cover them to prevent evaporation when not in use. Clean your swimming pool filter often to prevent having to change the water.
- Plan your landscape and gardens to minimize the need for water.